The Ubuntu desktop expertise isn’t immensely completely different from Windows, and there are ways that of making it even additional Windows-like if that’s what you are feeling most comfy with. However, there are some things which will trip you up early, to not mention some tricks that may facilitate your get going.
Installing graphics drivers
Much like Windows, Ubuntu handles drivers while not a lot of user intervention, either during installation or after you insert new hardware. However, the drivers needed by Nvidia and ATI graphics cards are proprietary code, and then Ubuntu treats them otherwise.
You should activate them manually, however, that’s simple enough to try. Click System | Administration | Additional Drivers, wait whereas it scans the system, and so highlight this driver and click on Activate.
Occasionally, your system may bog down at now. If that happens, you’ll be able to install the driver’s victimization the Synaptic Package Manager (which is found at System | Administration | synaptic Package Manager).
Just kind the keywords (Nvidia or Radeon) into the search box, then right-click on the drivers once they’re found and choose Mark for Installation. Click Apply, wait till the new drivers are downloaded, then come back to the Additional Drivers tools to activate. (See p96 for additional on Synaptic and installing computer software.)
The next issue you’ll wish to try to is head to System | Preferences | Appearance, click on the Visual Effects tab and choose the normal or Extra options. Here, you’ll offer your Ubuntu desktop a touch additional Windows 7-style bling, like shimmering windows.
Find and install printer drivers
You can download and install Linux system drivers from the manufacturer’s website, however, Ubuntu has a better choice inbuilt. Connect your printer via USB and switch it on, and also the Printer application could pop immediately. Otherwise, visit System | Administration | Printing.
Press the inexperienced Add button and wait. Highlight your printer once it seems on the left, then click the Forward button. Ubuntu can currently do its maximum to search out a driver.
You can either choose a printer from the database (if you’re troubled, another model from the identical printer family can most likely do) or simply ask Ubuntu to look for a driver to download. instead, download and supply the PPD driver file yourself – a fast Google search will facilitate here.
Share data with Windows
The fastest way to move documents from a separate Windows laptop is to use a USB memory stick or external hard disc; Ubuntu will browse the FAT32 or NTFS file systems and can copy the files across.
Alternatively, a cloud-based storage service like Dropbox or Mozy is often an efficient manner of moving smaller files like Word documents from one laptop to a different.
If you’re dual-booting Windows and Ubuntu, alternative choices become accessible. you’ll browse Windows partitions in Ubuntu: merely open the File Manager and you must see any FAT32 or NTFS volumes seem within the left-hand pane, with names like “100GB Filesystem”. within the Desktop Edition of Ubuntu, you’ll additionally access these volumes from the dropdown Places menu.
A lot of elegant possibilities is to use Windows 7’s disk-management options to form a 3rd partition aboard your Windows and Ubuntu partitions.
You can use the Libraries feature of Windows 7 to incorporate files keep in folders here in your Windows Music, Documents and Video libraries, and so use Symbolic Links – the Ubuntu equivalent of shortcuts – to link to the identical folders from among Ubuntu.
To do this, navigate to the folder, right-click thereon and choose to Make Link, then drag the new link to the relevant folder within the Ubuntu file system. Copying a link from the shared Music folder to Ubuntu’s Music Folder (Places | Music), as an example, can make sure that the content seems in your Rhythmbox library.
Sync your browsers
If you’re victimization Firefox or Chrome on each system, there’s no must import something. Go to Chrome in your Windows system, click on the settings and choose Preferences. Click on the personal Stuff tab then on the Setup sync button. select what components you want to be synced. currently, repeat the method on your Ubuntu system.
Everything from the theme you utilize to installed apps will be synced.
The same trick works with Firefox, provided you’ have to download and install either the Firefox four beta or the free Firefox Sync add-on. On your Windows laptop, sign into the service, copy the Sync key the program provides, then visit your UNIX system, sign on and enter the Sync key.
Migrate your mail and contacts from Outlook
You can Export Outlook knowledge as a PST file exploitation Outlook’s Import/Export wizard, then import it into Evolution, the Ubuntu email shopper, exploitation the File | Import command.
If you utilize nested folders to stay your mail and contacts unionized, however, things get additionally sophisticated, as Evolution can struggle to analyze the various folders. a technique spherical this is often to transfer and use a tool referred to as read PST, that takes the Outlook PST data and spits it enter separate mbox files that Evolution will browse.
The easiest method, however, is to use the spirit email shopper as mediator. merely install the newest version on Windows and use the Import wizard to import your email and contacts from Outlook. Then check wherever spirit stores your mail – it ought to be in C: users application data spirit profiles.
You can copy the whole contents of this spirit profiles folder to associate external disc or USB stick, then paste the entire scheme into the folder /home//.evolution/mail/local. you will have to head to view | Show Hidden Files from the Nautilus top menu to work out this.
Now after you begin the Evolution application it’ll mechanically import all of your mail and contacts.
Ubuntu’s own Update Manager (which may be found at System | Administration | Update Manager) handles all the updates for your OS and applications, and you’ll be able to use the Settings tab to pick out however typically it checks for updates and that packages it handles.
When the latest version of Ubuntu is released, you’ll get a button within the Update Manager, that you just click to upgrade. If this doesn’t seem, click on the Settings button, then the Updates tab and confirm that the “Show new distribution releases” choice at the bottom is about to traditional Releases.
Be warned, however: updates will take a seriously very long time and cripple your system whereas they’re being installed. If you don’t have a multicore processor or the quickest and most reliable net association, save the operation for a quiet time of day.
Configure displays for a dual-screen setup
If you have got twin monitors, in some cases, you’ll merely attend System | Preferences | Monitors, then hit the Detect Monitors button. choose each monitor from the list and click on OK, then make sure that the Mirror choice is unchecked and click on Apply. If you would like to, you’ll drag the monitor icons, therefore, they’re within the correct left and right positions, otherwise, you will modify the individual show settings for each.
Annoyingly, things are completely different if you’re using the ATI or Nvidia graphics card. For a Nvidia card, for instance, you’ll have to use the Nvidia X Server Settings application (System | Administration | Nvidia X Server Settings), then move to X Server Display Configuration and click on the sight Displays button there. After that, configuring your monitors works in a lot of the identical method as on top of.
Play audio and video files
Ubuntu has its own most well-liked audio and video players installed as normal, however, these won’t essentially handle all of your files straight out of the box. In some cases, you’ll be able to go away with clicking on the file and trusting Ubuntu to search out another app or plugin which will play it.
Alternatively, you’ll be able to use the Ubuntu Software Centre to install the Fluendo codecs to decrypt MP3s and also the GStreamer plugins to handle a range of music and video files. You’ll notice them within the Sound and Video section. Finally, the VLC media player may be priceless once it involves handling media files. It’s conjointly within the software Centre below Sound and Video.
Transfer files to and from an MP3 player
The majority of non-Apple MP3 players are going to be designed as mass storage devices and can work with Nautilus, the Ubuntu file someone, to drag-and-drop files, or with Ubuntu’s default music player, Rhythmbox.
This is a simple app, and you’ll be able to transfer tracks or playlists to your player just by dragging them to the icon within the sources list to the left of the screen. This additionally works for iPod and iPhone devices in Ubuntu 10.10.
You can modify backgrounds, colors, fonts, and themes by visiting System | Preferences | Appearance.
Click on a subject within the Theme tab and you’ll see it extended forthwith, otherwise, you will tweak themes by clicking on the Customise button. Be free to combine and match UI parts, fonts and colors to your style, or download new ones by clicking on the Get a lot of Themes online link.
The ClearLooks and NewWave themes are notably helpful if you’re searching for a rather additional Windows-like look and feel as they move the window controls to the right-hand corner, wherever you would possibly expect them to be.
Set your power management settings
You’ll realize the power management option in System | Preferences | Power Management.
On a desktop computer, you’ll see only choices for put your laptop and also the display to sleep, however on a laptop computer or netbook you’ll get a further vary of choices covering systems running on battery power, together with what happens once the lid is closed and what you wish your system to try and do once the battery charge gets critically low.
Connect to a wireless network
Once a right royal pain within the proverbial, creating a Wi-Fi association in Ubuntu is currently as easy because it is in Windows. Click on standard Wi-Fi bars icon at the top of the screen, and simply choose your network from the dropdown list. If it requests for a password, type it in. yet another click and you’re connected!
In the event that you simply must modify any settings, right-click on the identical icon and choose Edit Connections. Use the tabs and panels to pick the association you wish to mend, then click on the Edit button to the right. The tabs can enable you to test the wireless security settings and iPv4 settings likewise as manage any configuration that has to be done.