One of the fun of Ubuntu is that there’s a mass of free, open-source computer code out there to do which it’s all readily offered from your desktop. There’s no must trawl multiple sites searching for a utility to try and do x, y or z, and if there’s an app you wish for a specific task, it’s nearly continually only some clicks away.
There are many ways in which to install new programs. In isolated cases, you will end up downloading a file from a developer’s homepage, within a case they will sometimes give specific installation directions.
These days, there’s very little a lot of concerned than downloading the get in a ZIP or TAR format, double-clicking it and rental Ubuntu’s inbuilt tools handle the remainder.
You may, however, must mark a file as “executable” so as to bypass Ubuntu’s malware protection. simply right-click on the file, choose Properties, click on the Permissions tab then tick the box next to “Allow Execution File as Program”.
It’s additionally potential to download and install apps by Ubuntu’s command-line terminal. It’s the fastest means, thus you’ll typically realize it utilized in several Ubuntu walkthroughs on the net. Don’t let this place you off; it’s abundant easier to use the Synaptic Package Manager and therefore the newer Ubuntu software Centre instead.
Also Get: How to run Windows apps in Ubuntu
Like several UNIX operating system distributions, Ubuntu maintains archives containing apps and software system libraries that are able to install. Most of the programs you’ll have to use in Ubuntu may be found in that, and that they make sure the software system is malware free.
Ubuntu’s repositories are split in four. the most repository contains all the programs and libraries that are formally supported by Canonical. The Restricted repository contains applications that are supported, however not on the market beneath a free, Open source license.
The Universe repository contains programs that are maintained by the community, however not formally supported. Finally, the Multiverse repository contains software system and libraries that are neither free nor supported. In short, you are on your own.
This is necessary once installing software, as bound repositories are hidden by default. you’ll be able to un-hide them, if you wish to, by writing your Software Sources. To do so, 1st right-click on the Applications Places System space of the top bar and choose Edit Menus.
Scroll all the way down to Administration and click on the checkbox next to Software Sources. Now visit System | Administration | software sources, click on the Ubuntu software Tab and check the Restricted and Multiverse things.
The Synaptic Package Manager
The Synaptic Package Manager is that the older of the 2 GUIs for installing software, however, it’s helpful once set in place a new Ubuntu system and you would like to install many your favorite apps.
You’ll realize it at System | Administration | Synaptic Package Manager. The interface seems overwhelming, however, it’s really pretty logical.
On the left, you’ll see a listing of software classes, and on the proper, you’ll realize a listing of the apps and libraries inside that class. If you recognize the name or a keyword for the app, you’ll be able to conjointly kind this into the search bar.
To install an application, either double-click on the item on the list or right-click thereon and choose Mark for Installation. Some software would like additional libraries or applications to be installed so as to figure, therefore click OK once the prompt seems.
Once you’ve marked all the apps you’re inquisitive about, simply click the Apply button on the toolbar at the top. The Synaptic Package Manager can run its installation scripts, download all the required files and obtain everything able to use.
The Ubuntu software package Centre
The Synaptics Package Manager is effective, however, it’s conjointly confusing. For everyday use, it’s higher to use the newer Ubuntu software package Centre (Applications | Ubuntu software package Centre). think about the USC as across-the-board app store and software package manager for Ubuntu; you’ll be able to use it to seek out, download and install a software package, then take away any programs if you opt they’re not for you.
If you prefer what you see, simply click Install. It’s the identical basic model because of the iTunes App Store and Android Market
The apps within the USC additionally bear an additional demanding review method, that ought to – in theory – keep the standard levels high. the bulk of apps within the USC are free, however Canonical hopes that the USC can at some point perform as a correct marketplace for paid-for Ubuntu apps.
It’s terribly simple to use. On the left are the choices to get the software, manage your install package and check your History to work out what’s been installed. Click on the arrow next to every possibility and it expands to point out totally different sources.
In the default Get software to read, you’ll see an inventory of classes, and 2 boxes for Featured and New applications. simply click on a class to browse the applications among. Click on one, highlight it and click on Get information, and you’ll see details of what the program will and any problems which will have an effect on your usage.
If you prefer what you see, simply click Install. It’s the identical basic model because of the iTunes App Store and Android Market, though while not the identical refined review method – for currently.
Using your apps
Unlike Windows applications, most Ubuntu programs will not install a desktop cut off. However, finding your new code isn’t a challenge.
If you’re victimization the Gnome interface the default with the Desktop Edition of Ubuntu – click on the Applications menu, browse all the way down to the relevant class and you must realize a launcher for the new application waiting there. From here, you’ll conjointly create a desktop cutoff, by right-clicking and choosing “Add this Launcher to Desktop”.
In the Unity interface that comes with the Netbook edition (and that is meant for future desktop editions), there’s no Applications menu, however, you’ll click on the small Ubuntu icon at the top left to open up the application interface.
Here, you’ll either sort the name of a program into the search field or flick through the varied application classes. Once your app is up and running, you’ll see its icon within the sidebar, and you’ll pin it there by right-clicking on the icon and choose “Keep in Launcher”.
However, the Unity interface doesn’t allow you to keep icons on the desktop.