The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) was established under the Canadian Space Act Actand acquired Royal Ascent on May 10, 1990. The agency is responsible for reporting to the Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development. Space programs began in Canada near the end of World War II. Currently, Sylvain Laport is the head of the agency since February 27, 2015.
Based in Quebec and an annual budget of $ 483 million. In 1962, Canada launched Alouette 1 and became the third country to have a satellite in space. After the success of Alouettel, embarked on further research, and with the launch of Anik A-1, Canada became the first country to have its own satellite to connect to the fixed ground. Some of its satellites include MOST, Sapphire, ISIS 1 & 2, Hermes, RADARSAT-1 and so on.
The National Space Administration of China (CNSA) is the National Space Agency of the People’s Republic of China. It is responsible for the national space program and for the planning and development of space activities. CNSA and China Aerospace Corporation (CASC) have taken over the space development effort previously run by the Ministry of Aviation Industry.
A subsidiary of the State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry of National Defense (SASTIND), an agency of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). Headquartered in one area, Beijing.
The agency was established in 1993 after the Ministry of Aviation Industry divided into China Aerospace Corporation (CASC) and CNSA. Policies were formulated by CNSA and implemented by CASC. CNSA has four divisions, including the General Planning Department, the Systems Engineering Department, the Science and Technology and Quality Control Department, and the Department of Foreign Affairs. Headquartered in Beijing with a budget of $ 500 million.
The Italian Space Agency is a government agency established in 1988 to finance, organize and coordinate space exploration activities in Italy. She works under the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MAYOR).
The Agency’s main programs include the exploration of robots, the development of Earth observation launchers and human space flights. It has a total of 200 workers and a budget of $ 1.8 billion.
The Agency is responsible for the planning and implementation of the National Space Plan. The headquarters of the Agency is located in Rome and 3 operational centers under its control. At present, Aldo Sandulli is present and Fabrizio Tuzi its general manager.
Often referred to as DLR, the full format of DLR-Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft- and Raumfahrt means “German Aerospace Center”. DLR was founded in 1997 after the culmination of more than 6 space and space research institutes. DLR is an energy, transport and space research center of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Headquarter is located in Cologne and has several locations throughout Germany. The center’s mission is to explore the solar system and land, and aims to protect the environment, develop environmentally friendly technologies, enhance communication, security and mobility. It has many projects under national and international research and development partnership.
Its previous and current missions include AZUR, EROS, Prisma, Columbus, auto transport vehicles, HELIOS ect. The Agency’s budget is estimated at US $ 2 billion.
National Center for Space Studies (CNES) or Center National d’etudes spatiales (CNES) is a space agency of the French Government. Founded in 1961 under the presidency of Charles de Gaulle. They were responsible for training French astronauts until they were transferred to ESA in 2001.
It must submit a report to the French Ministries of Defense and Research based in Paris. It operates mainly from the Guyana Space Center and the Toulouse Space Center, but also launched payloads from centers of other countries.
The president of CNES is Jean-Yves Le Gall. CNES is a member of the Space Institute, its applications and technologies. It operates from the Toulouse Space Center and the Guiana Space Center, but also has payloads from space centers operated by other countries.
Known as JAXA, is the Japan Aerospace Agency. It was formed after the merger of three independent organizations on October 1, 2003. JAXA has responsibilities such as technology development, research and satellite launch, as well as advanced tasks such as manned exploration and asteroid exploration.
The rockets used by the organization include 1-I-IIA from NASA and I-4-11B, which were used to launch the satellite to test engineering, satellite, etc. Another rocket, Epsilon, uses X-ray astronomy. In its Earth observation project, it involves land monitoring, rainfall control, carbon dioxide monitoring, and any global change control.
Current satellites include satellite monitoring of the EXOS-D and the GEOTAIL-magnetosphere satellite observatory. It also has several ongoing joint projects with NASA, such as the Tropical Rainfall Assessment Mission, the Global Precipitation Channel and the Earth Observation Satellite. It has a list of the future mission for the coming years. The budget is estimated at $ 2.17 billion.
Often referred to as ISRO, a space agency of the Government of India and headquartered in Bangalore. ISRO was formed in 1969 and replaced the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), established in 1962 thanks to the efforts of India’s first independent Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the world Vikram Sarabhai.
The ISRO was the first satellite in India, Aryabhata, launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975. In 1980.
Mars orbital mission, successfully entered Mars orbit on September 24, 2014, making India the first country to succeed in its first attempt, The fourth space in the world, as well as the first space agency in Asia to successfully reach the orbit of Mars.
On June 18, 2016, ISRO scored a record with the launch of 20 satellites in a single payload, one of which was a Google satellite. On February 15, 2017, ISRO launched 104 satellites in one PSLV-C37 rocket and created a world record.
ISRO launched the Geosynchronous Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-Mk III) on 5 June 2017 and placed the GSAT-19 communications satellite in orbit. With this launch, ISRO has been able to launch 4 tons of heavy satellites.
ESA is dedicated to space exploration and has 22 member States. An intergovernmental organization based in Paris with 2,000 employees worldwide with a budget of $ 5.51 billion. It has 10 countries as founding members including: United Kingdom, Belgium, France, Denmark, Italy, Germany, Spain, Netherlands, Switzerland and Sweden.
The work of the organization is described in two overlapping ways: activities and programs. Activities include Earth observation, launchers, navigation, operations, space for climate, etc. The programs include the Basic Science Technology Program, the General Study Program, the European Components Initiative, etc.
Also Called as Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities or Roscosmos, it is responsible for aerospace research and space programs to be implemented in Russia. A government body with a budget of $ 5.9 billion. It was founded on February 25, 1992 and was previously known as the Russian Aerospace Agency.
Moscow headquarters and research center are located near the city of Koroliev. The company’s current programs include Earth Sciences, Scientific Research and satellite communication such as Luna-Glob-Moon orbiters, Venera-D-Venus Lander and Fobos-Grunt-Mars. Currently, Igor Kumarov is the director since January 2015.
It is also called as NASA, an executive part of the federal government of the United States but independent and responsible for conducting research on aerospace and aerospace programs. NASA was founded by Dwight De. Eisenhower in 1958 with a civil orientation. The National Aeronautics and Space Law was promulgated on July 29, 1958, and distorted by NASA’s predecessor, the National Aeronautics Advisory Committee (NACA).
The new agency began its work on October 1, 1958, focusing primarily on the exploration of objects in the solar system, the Earth observation system, and research on the topics of astrophysics, solar physics, etc. Data are also shared with other international and national organizations such as the satellite to monitor global warming. NASA’s estimated budget is $ 19.8 billion.